Warsaw is a modern capital of Poland with a population of over 1,7 million. It stretches on the banks of the Vistula river. Warsaw is an important economic, political, industrial and cultural center, great communication hub of international importance. Warsaw has a great and rich history and culture. Here the residence of the President, the Government House, the Parliament and the cells of the political parties are situated.
The first mention about city was found in the records of the 14th century. According to the ancient Polish spelling ‘Varschewia’, ‘Warseuiensis’, ‘Warszewa’, it means “belonging to Warsz”. Folk etymology describes the origin of the city’s name. It comes from the fisherman’s name Wars who owned the village with his wife Sawa.
The official name of the city sounds ‘Miasto Stołeczne Warszawa’ (The Capital City of Warsaw). Although in the Middle ages Warsaw was a small fortified town, nowadays it is one of the most rapidly developing cities in the Europe whose value began to increase since 16th century when polish King Zygmunt III Waza moved the capital of Poland from Krakow to Warsaw. Here is the list of top 5 places to visit in Warsaw.
1. Syrenka Warszawska (The Mermaid of Warsaw)
One of the most famous historical monuments located in the core of Warsaw is Syrenka Warszawska (the Mermaid of Warsaw) which is the symbol of the capital. Its sculpture depicts a girl-mermaid preparing to protect the city with a shield and a sword held in her arms.