Kyiv is one of the oldest and most interesting places to visit in Europe. The capital of Ukraine is situated on the banks of the Dnipro River. Kyiv has the population of nearly 3 million inhabitants and covers over 43 km from east to west and 42 km from north to south.
History of Kyiv reaches in ancient times. Kyiv was founded, according to the historical literature, more than 1500 years ago by Kyi, Schek and Khoryv, three brothers, and Lybid’, their sister. The monument erected in their honor stands on the bank of the Dnipro River. During its history city survived many horrible events and developed into a modern European economic and political megalopolis.
Kyiv is an educational, administrative, business and cultural center of Ukraine. It is a place where the Verkhovna Rada (the House of Parliament), the President’s administration and governmental departments are located. There many financial organizations such as offices of foreign companies, the National Bank of Ukraine and other commercial banks, funds, exchange markets are gathered as well. There is more than 2000 historical, cultural, and architectural monuments worth to see in Kyiv.
Perhaps, the most popular places visited in Kyiv by tourists are the following.
1. Kyivo-Pecherska Lavra
The Kyivo-Pecherska Lavra is recognized as one of the cultural symbols of Kyiv and spiritual center of Christianity. It is a monastery complex of about 80 churches, often called the Monastery of Caves. It was built in 1051 by Venerable Anthony. Also, the Kyivo-Pecherska Lavra is well-known thanks to numerous relics of saints stored in its caves and collections of miniatures and church treasures which attract attention of visitors. This masterpiece of architecture is included in the UNESCO World Cultural Heritage List.