Modern painting has developed in many movements, for example, expressionism, impressionism, surrealism, cubism and other. But, in general, they represent modern and avant-garde art which brought many new ideas and gave the decent responses to challenges to traditional art. Modern 20th-century painting is impossible without its integral part, namely, 19th-century heritage which is featured as modern. Modern art begins with works of Claude Monet and ends with the latest and the masterpieces of newest and youngest painters such as Jackson Pollock, Andy Warhol, David Hockney, Piet Mondrian, Frida Kahlo, and other. Here, we list five of the most influential artists whose contribution to the modern art of the 19-20th centuries is perhaps the most significant.
So, the period of 19-20th centuries was represented by works of such the most famous modern artists as Claude Monet, Vincent van Gogh, Edvard Munch, Pablo Picasso, and Salvador Dali.
1. Claude Monet (1840-1926)
Born in the 19th century Claude Monet was a founder of French impressionism. Monet was obsessed with the depiction of light which resulted in beginning of the impressionism movement. His plein-air painted Haystacks and Water Lily series of canvases show Monet’s experiments with the daylight. He uses colour as the main mean to display the change of light. Impression, Sunrise is one of his most famous works. This painting is famous because it gave a name to the impressionist movement and became its symbol. Though this painting was not well taken by the critics, it influenced artists from Monet period and to this very day.